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اضطراب ضغط ما بعدالصدمة للاطفال والمراهقين في مدينة صعدة فتحية عبد اللة العطاب

في السبت يناير 02, 2016 1:47 pm
ﻤﻠﺨﺹ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ  
ﻟﻘﺩ ﻫﺩﻓﺕ     ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺔ ﻤﻌﺭﻓ   ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ      ﻟـﺩﻯ ﺍﻷﻁﻔـﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﻤـﺭﺍﻫﻘﻴﻥ ، ﻀﻐﻁ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻤﺔ ، ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ       ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺤﺒﺔ ﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ ﻀﻐﻁ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻤﺔ)ﻕ ﺍﻟﻘﻠ / ﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌـﺎﺏ(    ، ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺤﻲ ﺃﺩﺍﺓ  ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ:       ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ ﻀﻐﻁ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻤﺔ      ، ﻤﻥ ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺔ ﻭﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ )  ﻟﻠﻘﻠﻕ ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌـﺎﺏ( ﺠﺎﻫﺯ       ﻴ       ﺒﻤﺎ ﺘ ، ﺒﻌﺩ ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺩﻴﻼﺕ ، ﻟﻬﻭﺒﻜﻨﺯ ﻨﺎﺴﺏ ﻤﻊ ﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ ﺃﻓﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ   ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴـﺔ      ، ﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ    (٧٩٨) ﺒﻠﻐﺕ ﻋﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ ١٧ - ٧ ) ﺘﺘﺭﺍﻭﺡ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻡ  ،( ﺴﻨﻪ ﺫﻜﻭﺭ ﻭﺇﻨﺎﺙ.     ﺘـﻡ ﺍﺨـﺫ    ﻋﻴﻨﺔ ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ  ﻁﺒﻘﻴﻪ ﻋﺸﻭﺍﺌﻴﺔ .ﺕ ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤ           SPSS   ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﺔ ﺒﺭﻨﺎﻤﺞ ﺍﻟﺤﺯﻡ ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ  ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﻭﺘﺤﻠﻴـل ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ  .ل ﻭﺘﻭﺼ ﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻫﻡ  ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴ:  -                 ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻤﺭﺘﻔﻌﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ، ﻴﻌﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻫﻘﻴﻥ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ ﻀﻐﻁ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻤﺔ ﻭﺫﻟﻙ ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﻜل ﻤﺤﻭﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻭﺭ             ﻟ ﺔ ، ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ ﺜﻼﺜ )  ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ-   ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻨﺏ -  ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ(.  -    ﺍ ﻴﻌﺎﻨﻲ ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل ﻤﻥ ﺃﻋﺭﺍﺽ  ﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ  ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻤﺭﺘﻔﻌﺔ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ ﺒـﺼﻭﺭﺓ     ﻋﺎﻤﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ.  ﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻭ         ٠ ) ﻕ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤـﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ ,٠٥(       ﺘﻌﺯﻯ ﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ ﻀﻐﻁ ﻤﺎ    ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻤﺔ ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ ﻋﺎﻤﺔ    ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤـﺴﺘﻭ   ﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﺭﺍﺭ        ، ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ . ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻜﻥ ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺍﻟﺫﻜﻭﺭ ، ﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺍﻹﻨﺎﺙ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ      ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻨﺏ. ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺃﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ. -   ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﺸﺎﺭﺕ               ) ﻋﺩﻡ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ ، ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﺍﻟﻘﻠـﻕ ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌـﺎﺏ ( ﻭ ﺱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﻘﻴﺎ ﺎل ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﻜل ﻤﺠ. -        ٠ ) ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ,٠٥(           ﻭﻜﺎﻨـﺕ ، ﺘﻌﺯﻯ ﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺭ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻨـﺏ ،  ١٥) ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺭﻴﺔ ١٧ ـ ( ﻭﻯ     ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻜﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘ ، ﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠـﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴـﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ ﻟﻼﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ.ﺃ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺔ ﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴ. -       ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ  ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ  ٦) ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺭﻴﺔ ٨ ـ  ١٥) ( ﻭ ١٧ ـ (    ﻓـﻲ ﻤﺠـﺎل ٦)  ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ ﻭﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺭﻴﺔ ٨ ـ (  ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ -    ﺇ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ     ٠ ) ﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ,٠٥(         ﺘﻌﺯﻯ ﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻨﺏ ،                ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻜﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ، ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺍﻟﻁﻠﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ ﻟﻼﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ.ﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴ.  
 
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-     ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴ  ﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ  ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻏﻴﺭ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻤﻴﻥ ﻭﻤﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﺒﺘﺩﺍﺌﻴﺔ. -   ٠ ) ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ,٠٥(     ﺘﻌﺯﻯ ﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﺍﻹﺴﻨﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺌﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠـﺎل ، ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﺭﺍﺭ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ     ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻘ             ﻴﺎﺱ ﻜﻜل ﻭﻜﺎﻥ ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﻴﻭﺠﺩ ﻟﺩﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﺴﻨﺎﺩ ﻋﺎﺌﻠﻲ ﻭﻟـﻡ       ﺘﻜﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ ﻟﻼﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ.       ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋـﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟـﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ . -                ﻋﺩﻡ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﻠـﻕ ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌـﺎﺏ      ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﻴﺎ      ، ﺱ ٠ ) ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎ ﻋﻨـﺩ ﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ ,٠٥(   ﺘﻌـﺯﻯ ، ﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭ ﻓﺘﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﺽ ﻟﻠﺼﺩﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺭﺍﺭ ﻭﻋل ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻜﻜـل ﻭﻜـﺎﻥ                                 ﻭﻟﻡ ﺘﻜﻥ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﻓـﺭﻭﻕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ، ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﺭﻀﺕ ﻟﻠﺤﺩﺙ ﺃﻟﺼﺩﻤﻲ ﺴﺘﺔ ﻋﺸﺭ ﻴﻭﻤﺎ ﻓﺄﻜﺜﺭ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻟﻴﻥ ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ ﻟﻼﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ.ﺃﻋ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺔ ﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴ. -                 ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻓﺭﻭﻕ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺃﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻤﺠﺎل ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ ﻓﻘﻁ  ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ  ١) ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻜﻜل ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻭﻕ ﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ ﺘﺭﺍﻭﺤﺕ ﻓﺘﺭﺓ ﺘﻌﺭﻀﻬﻡ (ﺎ ١٥ ـ ﻴﻭﻤ . ٠ )       ﻋﺩﻡ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﺩ ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ,٠٥ ( ﺒﻴﻥ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟـﺼ  ﺩﻤﺔ ﻭﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ      ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ ﻀﻐﻁ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻤﺔ .        ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ              ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﺭﻀﻥ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻋﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺎﺙ ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ ﻀﻐﻁ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟـﺼﺩﻤﺔ .    ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﻁﺭﺩﻱ ﻤﻭﺠﺒﺔ .            ﻋﺩﻡ ﻭﺠﻭﺩ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ ﺇﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺎ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟـﺼﺩﻤﺔ ﺍ ﺔ ﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﺭﺽ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻋﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﻜﻭﺭ ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺠﺔ ﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ ﻀﻐﻁ ﻤﺎ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻤ. -                  ﺃﻱ ﻜﻠﻤـﺎ ﺯﺍﺩ ﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ ، ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ ﻁﺭﺩﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺇﻋﺭﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺒﺎﺕ ﻟﺩﻯ ﺇﻓﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﺯﺍﺩﺕ ﺍﻋﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺜﻠﺔ ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻠﻕ ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌـﺎﺏ ﻟـﺩﻯ           ﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻓﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﺒﺼﻭﺭ ﺔ ﺓ ﻋﺎﻤ. -   ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻗ ﻋﻼﺔ       ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ ﻁﺭﺩﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺒﺎﺕ ﺽ ﻭﺇﻋﺭﺍ           ﺃﻱ ﻜﻠﻤـﺎ ﺯﺍﺩ ﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ ، ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺒﺎﺕ ﻟﺩﻯ ﻓﺌﺔ ﺍﻹﻨﺎﺙ ﻤﻥ      ﺩ ﺇﻓﺭﺍ       ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺜﻠـﺔ ، ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﺯﺍﺩﺕ ﺍﻋﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﺩﻴﻬﻥ ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻠﻕ ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ. - ﺇﻥ    ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻗ ﻋﻼﺔ       ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ ﻁﺭﺩﻴﺔ ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺒﺎﺕ ﺽ ﻭﺇﻋﺭﺍ        ، ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﺃﻱ ﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﺯﺍﺩ ﻤـﺴﺘﻭﻯ ﺍﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺒﺎﺕ ﻟﺩﻯ ﻓﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﻜﻭﺭ ﻤﻥ      ﺩ ﺇﻓﺭﺍ          ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺜﻠـﺔ ، ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﺯﺍﺩﺕ ﺍﻋﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﺩﻴﻬﻡ ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻠﻕ ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ.  
 
 
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Summary of the Study  
The  study  aimed  to identify  the post-traumatic stress disorder  in children and adolescence and the level of psychological symptoms accompanied  these disorder (depression & anxiety)  The study followed the descriptive method of research .The post-traumatic stress disorders questionnaire "scale" prepared by the researcher and the "uneasiness and depression " by Hopkins.   The researcher used the descriptive survey approach or the measuring of after shock pressure prepared by the researcher and the Measure of "Uneasiness and Depression" by Hopkins.  She conducted some amendments suiting the sample individuals' characteristics and the social environment of the research community. The research sample covered (798) male and female persons aged between (7-17) years old.  Specimen was taken in a classified random manner by the researcher and she used the Statistical Packages  for social sciences SPSS  System for handling and analyzing the field data. The research concluded the following results: The children and adolescents were suffering from the post-traumatic stress disorders at more than the high level average. This occurred generally and in each of the three levels (Repetition – Avoidance – Exclusiveness). The children were specially suffering from the mental health symptoms specifically and to high level generally more than the average and to the level of anxiety symptoms and depression.  There are statistical indication differences at the level (0.05) is attributed to the sex variation in the post-traumatic stress disorders and exclusiveness in favor of females not males. There are differences at the level of avoidance field. On the mental health symptoms measurement level, as the results indicated, there is no difference at the level of the mental health symptoms (anxiety / Depression) in the total degree of the mental health measurement in each field. Availability of statistical indicator differences at the level of (0.05) was attributed to age variation in the field of avoidance. It was in favor of the variation of the age group of (15-17) years. There are no differences in the main degree of the measurement in the other two scopes of the disorder and symptoms of the mental health as the indicated results. Concerning the symptoms of the mental health, as the results indicated, there are differences of statistical indicators at the level of the symptoms of the mental health symptoms in the scopes of (Uneasiness / Depression) and at the total degree level of the measurement in favor of the age group of (6-Cool and (15-17) ages in the field of unwariness and in favor of the aging group (6-Cool in the scope of depression. There are also indicated statistical differences at the level (0.05).
 
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They are attributed to the variation in the educational level in the avoidance scope. They are in favor of the secondary schools students. There are no differences at the full degree of the measurement and the other two fields of disorder. Results indicated at the level of the mental health symptoms to availability of statistical indicator differences in the level of the mental health symptoms level in the scope of weariness and depression and at the total degree of the measurement in favor of the uneducated and at the elementary level of education. There are statistical indication differences at the level of (0.05) attributed to the variation of family attribution in the scope of repetition and at the total degree of the measurement. It was in favor of the category that has no family attribution. There are no differences at the level of the other two disorder fields. The results indicated at the level of the mental health symptoms showed no differences in the statistical indications of the mental health symptoms level in the scope of weariness and depression and at the total degree level of the measurement. There is statistical indication differences at the level of (0.05) attributed to the variation of the term of exposing to the shock in the repetition field and at the level of the total degree of the measurement as a whole. It was in favor of the group exposed to the shock for sixteen days or more. There are no differences in the other two scopes of disorder. At the level of the mental health symptoms only in the field of weariness the differences were in favor of the individuals that their exposure period was (1-15 days). There is no relation of statistical indication at the level of (0.05) between all the sources of the shock and the degree of measuring the disorder pressure after the shock. There is statistical indication relation between all the resources of the shock which the females' specimen exposed to it and the level of disorder measuring degree of after shock pressure. The relation was positive centrifugal. There was no statistical indicative relation between all the sources of the shock which the males exposed to and the level of the disorder measuring degree pressure of after the shock.    There is a link direct correlation between the disturbances and symptoms of mental health , Any higher the level of unrest in the Sample increased mental health symptoms of depression in anxious , all members of the sample in general. There is a link direet correlation between the disturbances and symptoms of mental health , Any higher the level of unrest in the category of female members . of the sample the greater the symptoms of mental health and have the . There is a link direet correlation between the disturbances and symptoms of mental health , Any higher the level of unrest in the category of male  members . of the sample the greater the symptoms of mental health and have the
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عدد المساهمات : 4521
تاريخ التسجيل : 11/10/2012
العمر : 36
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضوhttp://psycho.sudanforums.net

رد: اضطراب ضغط ما بعدالصدمة للاطفال والمراهقين في مدينة صعدة فتحية عبد اللة العطاب

في السبت يناير 02, 2016 1:54 pm


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