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فاعلية برنامج العلاج السلوآي المعرفي في تحسين درجات القلق والإآتئاب لدى مرضى الفشل الكلوي المزمن (تحت الإستصفاء الدموي) ساميه حجـــازي, إدريـــــس

في الإثنين ديسمبر 14, 2015 12:28 am

Abstract:
This study tries to investigate the efficiency of applying a behavioral-cognitive program on anxiety and depression of chronic renal failure patinents (on Hemodyalysis) in Kideny Centers in Khartoum State. It also tries to investigate the correlation between anxiety and depression improvement with patients ages and starting time of renal failure. The study also tries to research the statistical differences of anxiety and depresson improvement according to following variables: gender, education level, social status, job status, and desire and hope of renal – transplantion. Experimental method applied in carring out this study. Stratified random sampling is applied in selecting (60) Chronic renal failure patients who are actually diagnsed with anxiety and depression (31) male, (29) female, thier ages varies between (20 – 55) years. Pre and post testing of anxiety and depression were measured by Hosppital anxeity and depression Scale (HADS). A program designed by the researcher (Behaviroal – cognitive therapy) was applied to all patients after the pre-testing of anxiety and depression. Data manipulated by using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) by applying:- 1) (T) test. 2) Pearson Correlation Coefficient . 3) One way analysis of variance (ANOVA). 4) Mann-Whitney test. The most important results of the study can be summarized in the following points:- 1) Anxiety and depression are statistical improved after applying Behavioral-cognitive program on chronic renal failure patients. 2) There is no statistical signifcant correlation between the dgrre of improvement in anxiety and depression after applying behavioral-cognitive program on chronic renal failure patients according to age. 3) There is no statistical differnce in anxiiety and depression improvement after applying behaviroal –cognitive programe on chronic renal failure patients according to gender (Male, Female). 4) There is no statistical differnce in anxiiety and depression improvement after applying behaviroal –cognitive programe on chronic renal failure patients according to academic level. 5) There is no statistical differnce in anxiety and depression improvement after applying behaviroal –cognitive programe on chronic renal failure patients according to social status (married, not married, divorced). 6) There is no statistical differnce in anxiiety and depression improvement after applying behaviroal –cognitive programe on chronic renal failure patients according to job (employed, not employed) 7) There is a significant positive correlation coefficient between the degree of improvement in anxiety with the duration of illness after applying behaviroal –cognitive program on chronic renal failure patients. Whereas, there is no statistical significant correlation with depresstion. Cool There is no statistical differnce in anxeity and depression improvement after applying behavioral-cognitive program on chronic renal failure patients according to desire and hope of renal trans-plantation. Finally, recommendation and suggestion for further studies, and references were cited at the end of the study


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